Advisory: This site contains documentation for the v1.12 release candidate version of Docker Engine. For the Docker Engine v1.11 docs, see https://docs.docker.com/v1.11/. Docker for Mac and Docker for Windows are currently in Beta.

Configure logging drivers

The container can have a different logging driver than the Docker daemon. Use the --log-driver=VALUE with the docker run command to configure the container’s logging driver. If the --log-driver option is not set, docker uses the default (json-file) logging driver. The following options are supported:

Driver Description
none Disables any logging for the container. docker logs won’t be available with this driver.
json-file Default logging driver for Docker. Writes JSON messages to file.
syslog Syslog logging driver for Docker. Writes log messages to syslog.
journald Journald logging driver for Docker. Writes log messages to journald.
gelf Graylog Extended Log Format (GELF) logging driver for Docker. Writes log messages to a GELF endpoint like Graylog or Logstash.
fluentd Fluentd logging driver for Docker. Writes log messages to fluentd (forward input).
awslogs Amazon CloudWatch Logs logging driver for Docker. Writes log messages to Amazon CloudWatch Logs.
splunk Splunk logging driver for Docker. Writes log messages to splunk using HTTP Event Collector.
etwlogs ETW logging driver for Docker on Windows. Writes log messages as ETW events.
gcplogs Google Cloud Logging driver for Docker. Writes log messages to Google Cloud Logging.

The docker logscommand is available only for the json-file and journald logging drivers.

The labels and env options add additional attributes for use with logging drivers that accept them. Each option takes a comma-separated list of keys. If there is collision between label and env keys, the value of the env takes precedence.

To use attributes, specify them when you start the Docker daemon. For example, to manually start the daemon with the json-file driver, and include additional attributes in the output, run the following command:

$ docker daemon \
    --log-driver=json-file \
    --log-opt labels=foo \
    --log-opt env=foo,fizz

Then, run a container and specify values for the labels or env. For example, you might use this:

$ docker run -dit --label foo=bar -e fizz=buzz alpine sh

This adds additional fields to the log depending on the driver, e.g. for json-file that looks like:

"attrs":{"fizz":"buzz","foo":"bar"}

json-file options

The following logging options are supported for the json-file logging driver:

--log-opt max-size=[0-9+][k|m|g]
--log-opt max-file=[0-9+]
--log-opt labels=label1,label2
--log-opt env=env1,env2

Logs that reach max-size are rolled over. You can set the size in kilobytes(k), megabytes(m), or gigabytes(g). eg --log-opt max-size=50m. If max-size is not set, then logs are not rolled over.

max-file specifies the maximum number of files that a log is rolled over before being discarded. eg --log-opt max-file=100. If max-size is not set, then max-file is not honored.

If max-size and max-file are set, docker logs only returns the log lines from the newest log file.

syslog options

The following logging options are supported for the syslog logging driver:

--log-opt syslog-address=[tcp|udp|tcp+tls]://host:port
--log-opt syslog-address=unix://path
--log-opt syslog-address=unixgram://path
--log-opt syslog-facility=daemon
--log-opt syslog-tls-ca-cert=/etc/ca-certificates/custom/ca.pem
--log-opt syslog-tls-cert=/etc/ca-certificates/custom/cert.pem
--log-opt syslog-tls-key=/etc/ca-certificates/custom/key.pem
--log-opt syslog-tls-skip-verify=true
--log-opt tag="mailer"
--log-opt syslog-format=[rfc5424|rfc5424micro|rfc3164]
--log-opt env=ENV1,ENV2,ENV3
--log-opt labels=label1,label2,label3

syslog-address specifies the remote syslog server address where the driver connects to. If not specified it defaults to the local unix socket of the running system. If transport is either tcp or udp and port is not specified it defaults to 514 The following example shows how to have the syslog driver connect to a syslog remote server at 192.168.0.42 on port 123

$ docker run --log-driver=syslog --log-opt syslog-address=tcp://192.168.0.42:123

The syslog-facility option configures the syslog facility. By default, the system uses the daemon value. To override this behavior, you can provide an integer of 0 to 23 or any of the following named facilities:

  • kern
  • user
  • mail
  • daemon
  • auth
  • syslog
  • lpr
  • news
  • uucp
  • cron
  • authpriv
  • ftp
  • local0
  • local1
  • local2
  • local3
  • local4
  • local5
  • local6
  • local7

syslog-tls-ca-cert specifies the absolute path to the trust certificates signed by the CA. This option is ignored if the address protocol is not tcp+tls.

syslog-tls-cert specifies the absolute path to the TLS certificate file. This option is ignored if the address protocol is not tcp+tls.

syslog-tls-key specifies the absolute path to the TLS key file. This option is ignored if the address protocol is not tcp+tls.

syslog-tls-skip-verify configures the TLS verification. This verification is enabled by default, but it can be overridden by setting this option to true. This option is ignored if the address protocol is not tcp+tls.

tag configures a string that is appended to the APP-NAME in the syslog message. By default, Docker uses the first 12 characters of the container ID to tag log messages. Refer to the log tag option documentation for customizing the log tag format.

syslog-format specifies syslog message format to use when logging. If not specified it defaults to the local unix syslog format without hostname specification. Specify rfc3164 to perform logging in RFC-3164 compatible format. Specify rfc5424 to perform logging in RFC-5424 compatible format. Specify rfc5424micro to perform logging in RFC-5424 compatible format with microsecond timestamp resolution.

env is a comma-separated list of keys of environment variables. Used for advanced log tag options.

labels is a comma-separated list of keys of labels. Used for advanced log tag options.

journald options

The journald logging driver stores the container id in the journal’s CONTAINER_ID field. For detailed information on working with this logging driver, see the journald logging driver reference documentation.

GELF options

The GELF logging driver supports the following options:

--log-opt gelf-address=udp://host:port
--log-opt tag="database"
--log-opt labels=label1,label2
--log-opt env=env1,env2
--log-opt gelf-compression-type=gzip
--log-opt gelf-compression-level=1

The gelf-address option specifies the remote GELF server address that the driver connects to. Currently, only udp is supported as the transport and you must specify a port value. The following example shows how to connect the gelf driver to a GELF remote server at 192.168.0.42 on port 12201

$ docker run -dit \
    --log-driver=gelf \
    --log-opt gelf-address=udp://192.168.0.42:12201 \
    alpine sh

By default, Docker uses the first 12 characters of the container ID to tag log messages. Refer to the log tag option documentation for customizing the log tag format.

The labels and env options are supported by the gelf logging driver. It adds additional key on the extra fields, prefixed by an underscore (_).

// […]
"_foo": "bar",
"_fizz": "buzz",
// […]

The gelf-compression-type option can be used to change how the GELF driver compresses each log message. The accepted values are gzip, zlib and none. gzip is chosen by default.

The gelf-compression-level option can be used to change the level of compresssion when gzip or zlib is selected as gelf-compression-type. Accepted value must be from from -1 to 9 (BestCompression). Higher levels typically run slower but compress more. Default value is 1 (BestSpeed).

Fluentd options

You can use the --log-opt NAME=VALUE flag to specify these additional Fluentd logging driver options.

  • fluentd-address: specify host:port to connect [localhost:24224]
  • tag: specify tag for fluentd message
  • fluentd-buffer-limit: specify the maximum size of the fluentd log buffer [8MB]
  • fluentd-retry-wait: initial delay before a connection retry (after which it increases exponentially) [1000ms]
  • fluentd-max-retries: maximum number of connection retries before abrupt failure of docker [1073741824]
  • fluentd-async-connect: whether to block on initial connection or not [false]

For example, to specify both additional options:

$ docker run -dit \
    --log-driver=fluentd \
    --log-opt fluentd-address=localhost:24224 \
    --log-opt tag="docker.{{.Name}}" \
    alpine sh

If container cannot connect to the Fluentd daemon on the specified address and fluentd-async-connect is not enabled, the container stops immediately. For detailed information on working with this logging driver, see the fluentd logging driver

Amazon CloudWatch Logs options

The Amazon CloudWatch Logs logging driver supports the following options:

--log-opt awslogs-region=<aws_region>
--log-opt awslogs-group=<log_group_name>
--log-opt awslogs-stream=<log_stream_name>

For detailed information on working with this logging driver, see the awslogs logging driver reference documentation.

Splunk options

The Splunk logging driver requires the following options:

--log-opt splunk-token=<splunk_http_event_collector_token>
--log-opt splunk-url=https://your_splunk_instance:8088

For detailed information about working with this logging driver, see the Splunk logging driver reference documentation.

ETW logging driver options

The etwlogs logging driver does not require any options to be specified. This logging driver forwards each log message as an ETW event. An ETW listener can then be created to listen for these events.

The ETW logging driver is only available on Windows. For detailed information on working with this logging driver, see the ETW logging driver reference documentation.

Google Cloud Logging options

The Google Cloud Logging driver supports the following options:

--log-opt gcp-project=<gcp_projext>
--log-opt labels=<label1>,<label2>
--log-opt env=<envvar1>,<envvar2>
--log-opt log-cmd=true

For detailed information about working with this logging driver, see the Google Cloud Logging driver. reference documentation.